Posh Patterns. Modern Crochet & Knitting Designs
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Crochet Stitches

If you're first learning to crochet and are not yet familiar with how to make certain crochet stitches, then this guide is for you! Below are the step by step directions to the most commonly used crochet stitches. I hope that you find this how to guide useful!

Single Crochet (sc): *Insert hook in stitch, yarn over and pull up loop, yarn over and draw through both loops on hook; repeat from *.

Single Crochet Decrease (sc2tog): Insert hook in next stitch, yarn over and pull up loop (2 loops on hook), insert hook in next stitch, yarn over and pull up loop (3 loops on hook), yarn over and draw through all 3 loops on hook.

Single Crochet Double Decrease (sc3tog): [Insert hook in next stitch, yarn over, pull loop through stitch] 3 times (4 loops on hook). Yarn over and draw yarn through all 4 loops on hook.

Double crochet (dc): *Yarn over, insert hook in stitch, yarn over and pull up loop (3 loops on hook), yarn over and draw through 2 loops, yarn over and draw through remaining 2 loops; repeat from *.

Double Crochet Decrease (dc2tog): [Yarn over, insert hook in next stitch, yarn over and pull up loop, yarn over, draw through 2 loops] 2 times, yarn over, draw through all loops on hook.

Half Double Crochet (hdc): Yarn over, insert hook in stitch, yarn over and pull up loop (3 loops on hook), yarn over and draw through all loops on hook; repeat from *.

Half Double Crochet Decrease (hdc2tog): [Yarn over, insert hook in next stitch, yarn over and pull up loop] 2 times, yarn over and draw through all loops on hook.

Triple/Treble Crochet (tr): *Yarn over 2 times, insert hook in stitch, yarn over and pull up loop (4 loops on hook), yarn over and draw through 2 loops, yarn over and draw through 2 loops, yarn over and draw through remaining 2 loops; repeat from *.

Cross 2 Double Crochet (cr 2 dc): skip next stitch, double crochet in next 2 stitches, working backwards, make a double crochet in the skipped stitch. You are crossing over the two double crochet that you just created.

Extended Double Crochet (edc): Yarn over, insert hook in next stitch or chain, yarn over and pull up loop (3 loops on hook), yarn over and draw through 1 loop (1 chain made), [yarn over and draw through 2 loops] 2 times.

Extended Single Crochet (esc): Insert hook in next stitch or chain, yarn over and pull up loop (2 loops on hook), yarn over and draw through 1 loop (1 chain made), yarn over and pull through 2 loops.

Back Post Single Crochet (bpsc): insert hook from back to front to back around post of corresponding stitch below, yarn over and pull up loop, yarn over and draw through two loops on hook.

Front Post Single Crochet (fpsc): insert hook from front to back to front around post of corresponding stitch below, yarn over and pull up loop, yarn over and draw through two loops on hook.

Front Post Half Double Crochet (fphdc): Yarn over, insert hook from front to back to front around post of corresponding stitch below, yarn over and pull up loop , yarn over and draw through all loops on hook.

Back Post Half Double Crochet (bphdc): Yarn over, insert hook from back to front to back around post of corresponding stitch below, yarn over and pull up loop , yarn over and draw through all loops on hook.

Front Post Double Crochet (fpdc): Yarn over, insert hook from front to back to front around post of corresponding stitch below, yarn over and pull up loop [yarn over, draw through 2 loops on hook] 2 times.

Back Post Double Crochet (bpdc): Yarn over, insert hook from back to front to back around post of corresponding stitch below, yarn over and pull up loop [yarn over, draw through 2 loops on hook] 2 times.

Front Post Treble Crochet (fptr): Yarn over 2 times, insert hook from front to back to front around the post of the corresponding stitch below, yarn over and pull up loop [yarn over, draw through two loops on hook] 3 times.

Back Post Treble Crochet (bptr): Yarn over 2 times, insert hook from back to front to back around post of corresponding stitch below, yarn over and pull up loop [yarn over, draw through 2 loops on hook] 3 times.

Reverse Single Crochet: Working from left to right, insert hook in next st to the right, yarn over, draw through st, complete as for sc.

Reverse Slip Stitch: Working left to right, insert hook in next stitch to the right, yarn over, pull loop through stitch and loop on hook.

Puff Stitch
Wrap the yarn over the hook, insert the hook below the chain. Wrap the yarn over the hook and draw through. There will be 3 loops on the hook.
Wrap the yarn over the hook, insert the hook below the chain. Wrap the yarn over the hook and draw through. There will be 5 loops on the hook.
Wrap the yarn over the hook, insert the hook below the chain. Wrap the yarn over the hook and draw through. There will be 7 loops on the hook.
Wrap the yarn over the hook, insert the hook below the chain. Wrap the yarn over the hook and draw through. There will be 9 loops on the hook.
Wrap the yarn over the hook to secure puff stitches at the top.

Foundation Single Crochet: Start with a slipknot on hook, chain 2 , insert hook in 2nd chain from hook, pull up loop, yarn over, draw through 1 loop, yarn over and draw through 2 loops, 1 sc with its own ch st at the bottom, *insert hook under 2 loops of the “ch” st of last st and pull up loop, yarn over and draw through 1 loop, yarn over and draw through 2 loops, repeat from * for length of foundation.

Foundation Half Double Crochet: Ch 3, yarn over, insert hook in 3rd chain from hook, yarn over and pull up loop (3 loops on hook), yarn over and draw through 1 loop (1 chain made), yarn over and draw through all loops on hook—1 foundation half double crochet. *Yarn over, insert hook under the 2 loops of the “chain” stitch of last stitch and pull up loop, yarn over and draw through 1 loop, yarn over and draw through all loops on hook; repeat from * for length of foundation.

Foundation Double Crochet: Chain 3. Yarn over, insert hook in 3rd chain from hook, yarn over and pull up loop (3 loops on hook), yarn over and draw through 1 loop (1 chain made), [yarn over and draw through 2 loops] 2 times — foundation double crochet. Yarn over, insert hook under 2 loops of chain at bottom of stitch just made, yarn over and pull up loop (3 loops on hook), yarn over and draw through 1 loop (1 chain made), [yarn over and draw through 2 loops] 2 times. *Yarn over, insert hook under 2 loops of chain at bottom of stitch just made, yarn over and pull up loop (3 loops on hook), yarn over and draw through 1 loop (1 chain made), [yarn over and draw through 2 loops] 2 times. Repeat from * as needed.